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Is Non-stick Cookware Safe

Is Non-stick Cookware Safe? What Makes It A Great Choice In 2024

If you like cooking, you spend a lot of time in the kitchen, and it’s essential to know that nonstick cookware is easy to clean, doesn’t leave any dangerous chemicals behind, and will last a long time. But what about the health risks of using nonstick pans? Is nonstick cookware safe to use every day?

You’ve probably heard about the dangers of using Teflon or other nonstick cookware. The truth is that Teflon isn’t toxic, but its fumes can harm your health.

But you know what? There’s more to this story than just “is it safe?” So let’s talk about the safety of nonstick cookware, how nonstick cookware works, and what nonstick pans are safe to use.

What Is The History Of Non-Stick Cookware?

The first nonstick cookware was invented in the 1950s. It was a revolutionary product because it was the first time you could cook without worrying about the food sticking to the pan. You no longer had to scrub and clean the pan after cooking. 

Cookware with a nonstick coating starts with a metal foundation, typically aluminum or stainless steel, that has been sandblasted to create a gritty surface to which the coating can better adhere.

Nonstick cookware like Rachael Ray is a huge time saver when preparing foods that tend to stick to a hot skillet. However,  you may have heard rumors about the possible health risks of nonstick cookware, yet you’ve still made it here. 

Exploring The Safety Concerns Surrounding Non-Stick Cookware 

Nonstick cookware sold commercially now is safe to use, but older models often contain harmful ingredients. Choose a different type of nonstick pan, and several options are available depending on your health concerns.

PFOA And Other Potential Hazards Of Nonstick Cookware

Nonstick cookware was traditionally made with perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) until 2015. Kidney failure, kidney cancer, liver illness, and low birth weight are just some of the potential health hazards linked to prolonged exposure to PFOA, according to several studies. The PFOA Stewardship Program was initiated in 2006 by the Environmental Protection Agency, and since then, PFOA has been steadily phased out of nonstick cookware. So, you may rest assured that PFOA is not present in any brand-new nonstick cookware sold today.

Nonstick Pans Made Of Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)

Many types of nonstick cookware still include PTFE, even though they no longer contain PFOA. Generally speaking, PTFE is safe for cooking because it is inert, stable, and harmless. The issue arises when nonstick cookware is heated too high. PTFE releases mildly harmful gasses as it degrades at high temperatures.

These vapors would be barely noticeable to humans, but to birds with their more fragile respiratory systems, they may be fatal. Therefore, nonstick cookware is not recommended for households with birds. Polymer fume fever is triggered by exposure to these gasses and manifests as short-lived flu-like symptoms in people. It is advised to err on caution and not heat your nonstick pans any higher than 500 degrees because it is not yet known if these vapors have long-term health implications.

Can The New Nonstick Cookware Be Used Without Any Health Risks?

In 2006, the EPA started a global stewardship program and asked eight companies to stop using and releasing PFOA by 2015. All eight companies met their goals, and there has been no PFOA in Teflon. But, according to Marty Mulvihill, Ph.D., associate director of the Berkeley College Center for Green Chemistry and co-founder of Safer Made:

Teflon of today is like a horse (or pan) of a different color. Instead of PFOA’s eight carbon molecules surrounded by fluorine, chemicals used today might only have six or four carbon molecules surrounded by fluorine. They all come from the same chemical family. The function is the same, and there are still health concerns.”

Instead of PFOA, Chemours, the chemical company now making Teflon, uses GenX (hexafluoropropylene oxide dimer acid), which is relatable and safer. In contrast, other companies use perfluorobutanesulfonic acid, or PFBS, to make nonstick cookware.

What Care Instructions To Follow For A Nonstick  Pan

As long as you follow the instructions, modern nonstick cookware is safe. Take care to avoid these hazards when using nonstick pots and pans.

  • Avoid Overheating

At high temperatures, the PTFE used in nonstick cookware begins to deteriorate, releasing hazardous vapors. The precise temperature at which these gasses are produced is a matter of some debate among experts, but it’s probably more than 550 degrees. However, most makers of nonstick cookware advise against using temperatures greater than 500 degrees. When preheating a skillet, it’s preferable to do so on low or medium heat for no more than a minute and a half without any food or oil.

  • Proper Kitchen Ventilation

Any vapors given off by your nonstick cookware will be more easily dispersed into the open air if your kitchen is sufficiently ventilated. We suggest using the extractor and opening a window if you use high heat with nonstick pans.

  • Refrain From Using Metal Cutlery To Avoid Contamination 

Using metal utensils in a nonstick pan increases the likelihood of releasing harmful chemicals from the coating. In light of this, it is recommended that wooden spoons, plastic spatulas, and other nonmetal tools be used when cooking using nonstick cookware.

  • Substitute Worn-Out Pots And Pans

Use proper, modern nonstick cookware like Gotham Steel that poses little to no harm to human health. However, scratched, flaking, or otherwise damaged nonstick pots and pans increase health risks. Therefore, take good care of your nonstick cookware and immediately throw away any broken pieces. Even high-quality nonstick cookware must be updated every five to seven years because it is only made to last for a while.

Safe Non-Stick Pans To Use?

Teflon is the most hazardous material you can use if you don’t handle it properly. Compared to Teflon, materials like ceramic, enamel, seasoned cast iron, and hard anodized nonstick cookware are preferable since they do not release harmful byproducts during decomposition.

Some nonstick cookware is safer than others. The Ninja Foodi NeverStick set, for instance, is PFOA and PTFE-free. The high temperature at which it is coated makes it much more scratch- and flake-resistant than conventional nonstick cookware. 

Oven safe to 600 degrees, the GreenLife ceramic nonstick fry pan set is PTFE and PFOA-free. Ceramic nonstick pans are a fantastic option if you want to eliminate PTFE and PFOA.

Which nonstick cookware is secure to use?

Nonstick pans are risk-free if appropriately used. The health issues are related to PFAS, but not all nonstick cookware has them. Ceramic nonstick cookware, for instance, does not contain any of the mentioned chemicals.

Which nonstick cookware has safety concerns?

Four nonstick pans are entirely safe to use

  • Cookware with a PTFE coating.
  • Iron Carbon Steel.
  • Ceramic, cast iron, 
  • and stainless steel.

In 2024, how safe are nonstick pans?

Due to a government ban, all Teflon and nonstick cookware produced after 2013 is PFOA-free.

Is Teflon used to make all nonstick cookware?

Although many assume that a “nonstick” pan must be made of Teflon, this is not necessarily the case. Many famous cookware lines advertise as “nonstick” despite the absence of coatings or chemicals.

Is PFOA present in any nonstick cookware?

When exposed to temperatures above 464 degrees Fahrenheit, Teflon coatings begin to degrade and can release harmful gasses. Even though modern Teflon cookware may not include PFOA, it may still have other compounds, such as a PTFE coating. Avoid using an old Teflon pan.


Nonstick cookware is safe and an excellent investment for any kitchen. It will save you time, money, and energy by reducing the cleaning you must do in your kitchen. 

This article helped you to find the answer to your question; is nonstick cookware safe to use?

We are looking forward to your feedback in the comment section.

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